Tubal Factor Infertility Treatment in Dearborn, MI
Pregnancy hinges upon properly functioning fallopian (uterine) tubes, which carry a women's egg from the ovary to the uterus (womb). The process of fertilization, in which a man's sperm joins with the woman's egg, takes place in the fallopian tubes, but should a tubal blockage—or some other factor whereby the fallopian tubes fail to work—occur, fertilization is prevented, ultimately preventing pregnancy. These instances are referred to as tubal factor infertility.
Tubal factor infertility accounts for between 20 and 25% of all infertility cases and includes instances where the fallopian tubes are completely blocked as well as cases in which only 1 of the fallopian tubes is blocked. Additionally, instances where neither of the fallopian tubes are blocked but they have sustained tubal scaring or other damage are covered under the umbrella term of tubal factor infertility.
To schedule a consultation with a qualified healthcare provider in Dearborn that specializes in tubal factor infertility treatment, call (313) 228-3098 or contact West Village OBGYN online.
Causes of Tubal Factor Infertility
Tubal factor infertility can result from scarring caused by infection, abdominal surgery and diseases such as endometriosis (when tissue from the lining of the uterus grows outside of the uterus).
Sexually transmitted diseases, most commonly chlamydia and gonorrhea, can cause Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID), an infection of a woman's upper reproductive system—including the uterus, fallopian tubes and ovaries—which causes an intense inflammatory response, the result of which can be scarring of the delicate inner lining of the fallopian tubes (tubal mucosa) from damage sustained from combatting infection. The damage sustained from PID can cause tubal factor infertility. Other risk factors for tubal infertility include:
- Gynecological surgery
- Cesarean section
- Ruptured appendix
- Tubal ligation
Tubal Blockage Symptoms
Tubal blockage symptoms are few and far between. Typically, patients with tubal factor infertility are asymptomatic. By the time patients present with pelvic pain, which could indicate severe tubal damage, irreparable damage may have been sustained, making it important to undergo regular gynecological examinations to ensure a potential issue is spotted and treated early.
Tubal Infertility Treatment
Treating tubal infertility starts with early detection. For instance, spotting pelvic inflammatory disease, a leading cause of tubal infertility, early will prompt your healthcare provider to recommend aggressive IV antibiotics to ensure tubal damage is minimized and fertility is preserved.
If your healthcare provider suspects your fallopian tubes are in danger, a hysterosalpingogram (an X-ray performed to visualize the cervix and uterine cavity) will be performed. A laparoscopy may also be recommended to diagnose tubal damage that is caused by something other than tubal blockage, such as scar tissue. Rarely, tubal catheterization may be recommended, which uses a special scope to inspect and assess the mucosal lining of the fallopian tubes.
Tubal infertility can be treated through two methods:
- Surgery: For instances where the tubal damage sustained is not severe, your healthcare provider may recommend surgery to repair your tubes or to remove the scar tissue in order to help you conceive naturally.
- In-Vitro Fertilization (IVF): For instances where the tubal damage you have sustained is severe, IVF therapy—the process of manually collecting eggs and fertilizing them in a laboratory setting, then implanting them into the uterus—may be recommended. IVF eliminates the recovery time from surgery and reduces the risk of an ectopic pregnancy (tubal pregnancy).
It is important to regularly undergo regular gynecological exams and report any of your symptoms to your healthcare provider, as the spread of infection can lead to irreparable damage to your fallopian tubes when left untreated. If you are looking to get pregnant and experience infertility due to an issue with your fallopian tubes, you do have options. Schedule a consultation with a qualified healthcare provider in Dearborn that specializes in tubal factor infertility treatment. Call (313) 228-3098 or contact West Village OBGYN online.
West Village OBGYN
Address22074 Michigan Ave
Dearborn, MI 48124